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КОНТАКТЫ

Главный редактор
Никонов Вячеслав Алексеевич
доктор исторических наук, декан

Зам. главного редактора
Петрунин Юрий Юрьевич
доктор философских наук, профессор

Редактор
Логунова Людмила Борисовна
кандидат философских наук, доцент

Ответственный секретарь
Сухарева Мария Алексеевна

Технический редактор
Торни Елизовета Самировна

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Аннотации статей

Durinova G.V. Russian socio-political language: «Instruction» Catherine II

Moscow University Bulletin. Series 21. Public Administration. 2015. No 1

The article is devoted to the formation of Russian social-political language. The actual problem of historical semantics is the preparation of “Historical dictionary of Russian sociopolitical terminology”. For this aim the method of Begriggsgeschichte (history of concepts) seems to be appropriate. However, in contrast to the history or culture this method by viewing the semantics of a word as the access to the extralinguistic reality, the main interest for linguistics is exploring the semantic structure of language which is determined by its basic concepts (R. Koselleck). During the period of formation of Russian sociopolitical terminology the crucial role belonged to the official discourse of power. Thus, the first official document (which has had a wide circulation), where a certain number of Russian words were provided with a political semantics, is the “Instruction” by Catherine II (1767). This document can be viewed as a point of ori( gin for the subsequent development of Russian sociopolitical language. The article analyzes the usage of such words as citizen, society, state in the text of “Instruction” by Catherine the Great and linguistic strategies of translation of these terms from French (as “The Spirit of the Laws” of Montesquieu was the basis for Catherine’s “Instruction”). The usage of this words as sociopolitical terms provides such a model of political power according to which the only “junction” connecting what is called society and citizen is the absolute, unlimited in his power, sovereign, in his own property called the state.

Keywords: historical semantics, sociopolitical terminology, Begriffsgeschichte (history of concepts).

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31.05.2015

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